this research, and include discussion of how the second language classroom may be utilized for both acquisition and learning. Sex differences in second language learning? Because cues that signal the beginning and ending of words can differ from language to language, a person’s native language can provide misleading information when learning to segment a second language into words. Individual Differences in Second Language Learning. Second language learning even following a common developmental route but the degree of success learners achieved is always different from each other, and this is due to individual differences. Language development is different for each language learner with factors like environment, genetics, social interactions or cognitive processes affecting language. This also has correlation with learner’s personality. N = 131, ** p < .01 When extended to the whole sample (all students regardless their major), the results’ significance remained unchanged. All language learners, needless to say, fulfill factors which affect language learning process. ABSTRACT: This paper is a review of the extent socio-psychological factors can affect second language learning. This is true for both first language (L1) and second language (L2) acquisition, although there is an important difference. language learning, because learning a second language involves taking one new identity. Anxiety can be considered a negative factor in language learning, and several teaching methodologies in modern approaches indicate that anxiety should be kept as low as possible. A new study is exploring how a person’s native language can influence the way the brain processes auditory words in a second language. 2, p. 275. The individual’s learning style has a significant influence on the learning strategy choices. Individual Differences in Second Language Learning 525 21 Individual Differences in Second Language Learning ROD ELLIS 21.1 Introduction Learners vary enormously in how successful they are in learning a language. ... providing a context for greater opportunity for individual production, and practice and meaningful use of the target language (Philp, Walter, & Basturkmen, 2010). The biggest step in taking on this new identity is learning to pronounce the second language in a more or less native speaker way. So the next step was to look for the differences between students who major in English and those who do not, in terms of affective factors that influence learning a foreign language. ... cultural theory were analyzed to determine the similarities and differences between their answers and Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Vol. LANGUAGE LEARNING FACTORS Second language refers to any language learned in addition to a person's first language. Individual Variation Chapter 1, based on a paper written in 1976 and published in Ritchie (1978), describes how the learning-acquisition distinction captures one sort of individual variation in second language performance. gate how socio-cultural factors affect second language learning. Learning Styles for Second Language Learning (for learners) Learning styles refer to the variations in how an individual learn based on their preferences, strengths, and weaknesses. As second language learning is a highly demanding task, it is very likely to raise anxiety in the learner. Socio-psychological factors, like motivations, attitude and stereotyping and neurological factors play an important role in the process of learning a second or foreign language. Since the factors like physical, psychology, exhaustion, family factors, school factors, social factor, etc. 13, Issue. The brain processes auditory words in a more or less native speaker way in taking this! 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