Scientific Name. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Cladrastis kentukea When choosing a medium-sized tree (for instance to replace an ash lost to emerald ash borer) consider the yellowwood. The tree may not flower for the first 8-10 years, but once the bloom begins, it can be spectacular. – yellowwood Subordinate Taxa. As the tree matures, the bark turns gray similar to a beech. - $149.99. Kentucky Yellow Wood, Yellow Wood, Gopherwood, Virgillia. • CT, MA; also reported from RI by Kartesz (1999), but specimens are unknown. Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood » Cascades of fragrant white blooms in May and June » Elm-like shaped tree » Brilliant yellow fall foliage; Photo courtesy of Bailey Nursery 7 gal. American Yellowwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Yellowwood is so-named because the freshly-cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye (Fig. Interpreting Wetland Status. 23 more photos VIEW GALLERY. On old trees, trunk bark is light gray and pebbly, while on young trees it is light gray and smooth. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. K. Koch; International Common Names . Yellowwood is so named because the freshly cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. The trunk is grey brown and smooth, when mature shallow grooves may appear. This under-planted native packs a big wow factor from its fragrant, pendulous flower panicles in May to early June. Yellowwood ( Cladrastis kentukea)is a medium growing, deciduous tree of the legume family which features a broad, rounded crown and typically grows 30-50′ tall. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. Though rare even within its native range, Cladrastis kentukea should be considered one of the most spectacular flowering trees of the eastern US. Roadsides, forest borders and fragments, areas of habitation. Cladrastis kentukea Kentucky yellowwood Legal Status. Cladrastis kentukea common name: Yellowwood. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. The rich green foliage stands out in any summer landscape followed by a golden yellow fall display. American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood 'Rosea' Cladrastis kentukea. photo credit: R. Robert . Once known as C. lutea, with lutea (yellow), referring to its yellow wood (see below). They typically grow to be 30-50 feet tall at maturity, with upright b The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. Jun 5, 2019 - Yellowwood, Kentucky yellowwood. 1). See more ideas about Plants, Kentucky, Tree. A medium-sized deciduous tree from the legume family, yellowwood is native to the southeastern United States. The immense beauty and grace of the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is inversely proportional to its abundance. I was excited to spot the tree at left hanging … Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) Index. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. Following the flowers, 4″ light brown seed pods form in autumn. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson 2. Cladrastis Raf. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. C. lutea, C. tinctoria, is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Cladrastis lutea (F. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) is possibly the most unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America. Cladrastis Species, American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea. Cladrastis lutea Yellowwood is a vase-shaped spreading tree with dark green foliage that turns a delicate yellow or orange in the fall and smooth light gray bark. In North Carolina, Yellowwood is found only in a few of our western-most counties bordering Tennessee, and is among the rarest of our native trees. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Cladrastis . View gallery. American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) $ 40.00. K. Koch; Sophora kentukea Dum.-Cours. This unique legume is endemic to the eastern United States and enjoys a strangely patchy distribution. Height 30' Spread 20' Zone 4 Categories Tree Tags Fragrant; Low Maintenance; Full Sun; Partial Sun; Spring Bloomer; Average Water. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Cladrastis kentukea Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is 30-65' tall at maturity, forming a short trunk that soon branches and subdivides into a rounded crown. Cladrastis lutea and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Wetland Status. Call us at 1 315 4971058. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Young American Yellowwood. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fabales>Fabaceae>Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. View gallery. Its ability to perform well when planted far outside of its natural range only deepens the mystery of the yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea. Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more. The Naming Hisory: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by Dumont de Courset in 1811. Category: Trees. kentukea: of Kentucky. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. Despite its small native habitat, C. kentukea is hardy to zone 4 and performs well outside of its natural distribution. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Cladrastis: from the Greek, klado, a branch, and thraustos, fragile, referring to the brittle shoots. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. Springtime will bring about an abundance of large pendulous panicles of intensely fragrant white flowers, very similar in appearance to those of wisteria. Branches are usually gray and smooth, although sometimes they are brown. Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Cladrastis (kluh-DRAS-tis) Species: kentukea (ken-TUK-ee-uh) Cultivar: Rosea: Additional cultivar information: (aka Perkin's Pink) Synonym: Cladrastis kentuckea: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Important properties. T… Read more. Cours.) Cladrastis kentukea – Yellowwood. Photo by Rachel White . This large, American-native is spectacular in spring, with creamy white flower panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers. A low branching tree with a wide, round crown that is rarely seen here. The leaves are compound pinnate, with 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Related Links. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Yellowwood is a medium-sized tree is rare in its native range in North Carolina, where it is known from only a handful of counties in the western Mountains. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama.Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia. White seed pods emerge from the flowers and mature in September to October. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List ... Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. Water … As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. Introduction. ‘Native’ because its current range is primarily restricted to scattered outcroppings in the Ozarks and southern Appalachian highlands where it often grows on shady slopes in chalky, limestone-rich soils. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. After his visit to New Harmony in 1818, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington. Cladrastis kentukea Figure 1. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Cours.) Michx.) The species is native to the southeastern U.S. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. Is also sometimes grown as multiple-stemmed shrub. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood syn. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Cladrastis kentukea, American yellowwood, is a medium sized tree with a patchy native range in the southeastern United States. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). Cladrastis kentukea: American Yellowwood 1. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. 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